Emma Hale (1804-1879)
|Alternate Names||Emma Smith, Emma Bidamon, Elect Lady|
|Birth||10 July 1804|
Willingborough Township, Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania, United States
|Marriage|| Joseph Smith Jr., 18 Jan 1827|
Lewis C. Bidamon, 23 Dec 1847
|Death||30 April 1879|
Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois, United States
|Religious Influence||Church of Christ (1830), Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints|
|Callings||President of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo, 1842-1844|
|Occupation||Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier|
|ISNI||0000 0000 2745 9103|
|JSPP||Smith, Emma Hale|
|WorldCat||Smith, Emma Hale|
Emma Hale was born 10 July 1804 to Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis at Willingborough Township (now Harmony), Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. She eloped with Joseph Smith Jr. and was married on 18 January 1827 at South Bainbridge, New York. Emma briefly acted as his scribe during the translation of the Book of Mormon and compiled the first hymnal for her husband's new church. Giving birth to nine children and adopting two, Emma outlived all but four of them. On 17 March 1842, she became the first president of what is now known as the Relief Society. She did not follow Brigham Young out west. Instead, she remained in Nauvoo and on 23 December 1847 Emma married Lewis C. Bidamon. When her son, Joseph Smith III, became president of the church now known as the Community of Christ, Emma joined with them. She died in Navuoo on 30 April 1879.
- Collection of Sacred Hymns (1835)
- Emma Smith statements, 1847-1848]. MS 5423. Church History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah (hereafter Church History Library). http://churchhistorycatalog.lds.org/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?doc=ALEPH-PCHD000094553&displayMode=full&vid=CHL_PUBLIC (accessed 26 Jan 2015).
- Emma Smith papers, 1842-1878]. MS 7464 6-8. Church History Library. http://churchhistorycatalog.lds.org/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?doc=ALEPH-PCHD000048939&displayMode=full&vid=CHL_PUBLIC (accessed 26 Jan 2015).
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. "Emma Hale Smith." Relief Society. https://www.lds.org/callings/relief-society/relief-society-presidents/emma-hale-smith (accessed 12 Sep 2013).
- "Emma Hale Smith Bidamon" (biographical entry), The First Fifty Years of Relief Society, accessed 15 June 2017, https://www.churchhistorianspress.org/the-first-fifty-years-of-relief-society/people/emma-hale-smith-bidamon.
- Jenson, Andrew. "Smith, Emma." LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, vol. 1. Salt Lake City: Andrew Jenson History Company, 1901. Pages 692-93. http://archive.org/stream/latterdaysaintbi01bjens#page/692/mode/2up (accessed 12 Sep 2013).
- _______. "Smith, Emma Hale." LDS Biographical Encyclopedia, vol. 4. Salt Lake City: Andrew Jenson Memorial Company, 1936. Pages 196-97. http://archive.org/stream/latterdaysaintbi04jens#page/196/mode/2up (accessed 12 Sep 2013).
- Jones, Gracia N. Emma and Lucy. American Fork, Utah: Covenant Communications, 2009.
- The Joseph Smith and Emma Hale Smith Historical Society. "Emma Hale Smith." History. http://josephsmithjr.org/index.php/history/emma-hale-smith (accessed 12 Sep 2013).
- Madsen, Carol Cornwall. "Smith, Emma Hale." Encyclopedia of Mormonism. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1992. Pages 1321-26. http://eom.byu.edu/index.php/Smith,_Emma_Hale (accessed 13 Mar 2015).
- Newell, Linda King; Avery, Valeen Tippetts. Mormon Enigma: Emma Hale Smith, Prophet's Wife, "Elect Lady," Polygamy's Foe. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1984.
- "Obituary." Saints' Herald 26, no. 11 (1 June 1879): 171. http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#060179 (accessed 11 Mar 2015).
- Smith, Joseph III. “Last Testimony of Sister Emma.” Saints’ Herald 26, no. 19 (1 October 1879): 289. http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179 (accessed 11 Mar 2015).
- Staker, Mark L. "A Comfort Unto My Servant, Joseph." In Women of Faith in the Latter Days, volume 1, 1775-1820. Edited by Richard E. Turley, Jr. and Brittany A. Chapman. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2011. Pages 343-362.
- Joseph Smith Jr. (1805-1844) (spouse)
- Joseph Smith III (1832-1914) (child)
- Alexander Hale Smith (1838-1909) (child)
- David Hyrum Smith (1844-1904) (child)
- Wives of Joseph Smith
- "Smith, Emma Hale," Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/person?name=Emma+Hale+Smith
- “Obituary,” Saints’ Herald, page 171.
- Smith, "Last Testimony of Sister Emma," Saints' Herald, page 289.
- History, 1838–1856, volume A-1, page 8, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/history-1838-1856-volume-a-1-23-december-1805-30-august-1834?p=10
- Minute Book 1 / “Conference A,” 1832–1837, entry for 14 Sept 1835, page 108, Joseph Smith Papers, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/?target=X5DC3AFA7-7FC3-4682-A442-EAA9E3053E51#!/paperSummary/minute-book-1&p=112
- Relief Society Minute Book, entry for 17 March 1842, Joseph Smith Papers website, http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/nauvoo-relief-society-minute-book&p=4 http://josephsmithpapers.org/paperSummary/?target=XE364A107-8BCD-4116-BFFA-E9126CD21AF2
- Hancock Co., IL, Marriage Register, 1829–1915, vol. A-1, p. 105, microfilm 954,177, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah.
- “Obituary,” Saints’ Herald, page 171.